Alliance Models 1/72 Rogozarski SIM XIV H
Prede di Guerra
by Enrico Calanchini


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The Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H was a twin-engined coastal reconnaissance floatplane and light bomber. The SIM-XIV-H was a low wing monoplane of mixed wood and metal construction, with an oval monocoque fuselage. The wing was braced to the fuselage by steel-tube struts - the tail planes also being braced. The front section had a glazed nose, with a gun turret armed with a single machine gun mounted above the nose. The pilot and radio operator/gunner sat in tandem under a long canopy, with the observer also armed with a single machine gun. The rear fuselage was fabric covered, while the moving tail surfaces were metal.The elleptical wing was of wooden-plywood construction. The plane was powered by two 240 hp (179 kW) Argus As 10C air-cooled V8 engines driving fixed two-bladed propellers. Two Alclad floats were attached to the engine nacelles and fuselage.

The plane could carry one 100 kg bomb or two 50 kg for anti-ship/submarine duty. The plane also carried 12 fragmentation bombs 12 kg each for ground attack missions. The plane carried two machine guns one placed in the nose and was operated by the observer and the other in a rear gunner's cockpit.

The prototype first flew in 1938 and demonstrated good handling characteristics and was ordered into production, although its performance was low. The first batch of six SIM-XIV-H, known as the Series O, differed from the prototype in having the turret removed from the nose and the tail section modified. The second batch of six aircraft, Series 1, had a cantilever wing, eliminating the bracing between the wing and the fuselage and was powered by two 270 (201kW) hp Argus As-10 engines driving two variable pitch metal propellers. A third batch of 12 aircraft was ordered in 1940, with 450 hp (336 kW) Argus As 410, but construction was interrupted by the German invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941. Plans for a landplane trainer adaptation of the SIM-XIV-H were also abandoned.

SIM-XIV-Hs and SIM XIVB-Hs were deployed at the naval bases of Divulje (near Split) and Kumbor (Kotor). Before entering war the planes were used primarily for training activities. In April 1941 16 aircraft were available. These planes were used against German and Italian forces along the Adriatic coast, carrying out reconnaissance and mining operations. Five aircraft were destroyed during this period. Four aircraft attempted to escape to Greece, of which two were destroyed and two reached British bases in Egypt via Crete. These two aircraft were used for reconnaissance missions over the Mediterranean Sea until one was lost and the other scrapped due to a lack of spare parts. Italy seized eight aircraft, a SIM-XIV-H and seven SIM-XIVB-Hs. One plane was transferred to Guidonia in Rome for evaluation, where it showed better results than found in testing in Yugoslavia while the others were transferred to the training facility at Orbetello, being used for training and communications purposes until the end of 1942.













Construction

This is a Yugoslav war-bird captured and put into use by Italian maritime training squadrons. The plane was an unarmed reconnaissance seaplane. Of mediocre quality, it was equipped with two engines of 270 hp each. The plane was disarmed in Italian use but did carry two Vickers machine guns 7.7 mm (one dorsal and one in the nose) prior to it being assigend for training use. Eight planes were assigned to the Orbetello seaplane school in Tuscany at the 3rd Coastal Reconnaissance Squadron in Regia Aeronautica markings.

This resin kit by Alliance Models (CZ ) in 1/72 scale requires numerous corrections - see photos for a brief description of these changes. The towing trolley and decals are custom made. The profile in Ali Straniere in Italia - Vol. 06 - War Prizes / Prede di Guerra was used as the basis of this build. The model is Rogozarski SIM -XIV H, Series 1, ORB-6 - 3a Sq. - Maritime Reconnaissance School at Orbetello (GR) - Summer 1942.



Technical Data

Technical Data
Aircraft: Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H
Manufacturer: Prva Srpska Fabrika Aeroplana Zivojin Rogožarski A.D.
Type: Reconnaissance
Year: 1938
Engine: Argus As-10c (Argus As-10e) 8-cylinder V-line, 240 hp (180 kW) each
Wingspan: 49 ft 10 in (15.20 m)
Length: 36 ft 9 in (11.20 m)
Height: 14 ft 8 in (4.48 m)
Weight: 7,385 lb (3,350 kg) Loaded
Maximum Speed: 129 mph (208 km/h) at sea level
Ceiling: 14,240 ft (4,340 m)
Range: 522 mi (840 km)
Armament: 2 machine guns
Crew: 3

Additional Images


Rogozarski SIM-XIV H, Series 1 ORB-6 - 3a Sq. - Maritime Reconnaissance School at Orbetello (GR) - summer 1942. By the end of their service the few serviceable Rogozarski had been completely "ltalianised", adopting the standard maritime colors of the RA: upper surfaces dark blue gray with undersides light blue grey. Note the presence, apart from the usual Italian markings, of the Italian coat of arms on the tail and fascio on the fuselage. Source: Ali Straniere in Italia - Vol. 06 - War Prizes #6 / Aerofan 62. Photo taken during a training flight with two students, one behind the pilot and one in the small cockpit in the bow.


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