This aeroplane remained in service for more than 20 years. The SIAI-Marchetti SM.82's brilliant career began in 1939, when it set two world records. The first was a closed-circuit distance record, over 8,000 miles (12,874 km). The second was a speed record over 6,250 miles (10,000 km), with an average speed of almost 150 mph (241 km/h). These records gave ample proof of the aeroplane's worth. This multi-purpose aeroplane was designed for long-distance transport.  The SM.82 was the first aircraft in the world designed and built as a military transport aircraft. It was a complete project involving both the Italian Army and Air Force, as well as the national airline. As well as payload considerations, armament and bomb loads were also designed into the aircraft. It served on all fronts in this role, but it was also employed as a bomber. More than once it proved invaluable as a bomber because of its bomb capacity and long range.

It was one of a family of three-engine transport aeroplanes built by the SIAI-Marchetti company. Its immediate preedecessor was the SM.75, a civil transsport aeroplane. The SM.82 was a sturdy low-wing monoplane like its preedecessor. The structure was composite, steel-tube and wood, while the covering was wood and fabric. To increase the aircraft's cargo capacity, the fuselage was built on two levels with a removable metal floor.  Thus the aircraft could carry even out-sized cargo. For example, it might carry an unnassembled CR.42 fighter aeroplane with spare parts, or large quantities of weapons and supplies. On occasion it carried up to 28 fully-equipped paratroops. The aircraft was powered by three 860 hp Alfa Romeo A.R.128 RC 18 radial engines driving three blade metal propellers.

When Italy entered the war, there were barely a dozen SM.82s in service, but production was immediately increased. A total of 875 aeroplanes came off the assembly line. Almost half of the aeroplanes served in the German Luftwaffe, which used them in various theatres of operation for transport. Most of the aeroplanes were used as transports, paratroop carriers, and general staff transport in Italy.

After the 1943 armistice, some aeroplanes went south to the Allies and others went north to Mussolini's 'Salo' Republic. The Luftwaffe SM.82s were used on the Russian front and in northern Germany.

Approximately fifty aeroplanes managed to survive the war, lfhd they continued in service for several years. However, during this later period the engines were changed. The Alfa Romeos were replaced by 1,215 hp Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp radials. These aeroplanes were used right up until 1960.
Technical Data:
Aircraft:
SIAl-Marchetti SM.82
Manufacturer:
SIAl-Marchetti
Type:
Transport bomber
Year:
1940
Engine: Three Alfa Romeo A.R.128 RC 18, 14-cylinder radial, air-cooled, 860 hp each
Wingspan:
97 ft 5 in (29.68 m)
Length:
75 ft 4 in (22.95 m)
Height:
19 ft 8 in (6.00 m)
Weight:
39,340 Ib (17,820 kg) (Loaded)
Maximum speed:
230 mph (370 km/h)
Ceiling:
19,690 ft (6,000 m)
Range:
1,865 miles (3,000 km)
Armament:
4 machine guns; 8,800 Ib (4,000 kg) of bombs
Crew:
4-5

Additional Images:
Italeri 1/72 Savoia Marchetti SM.82
Canguro (Kangaroo)
by Luca Bossi
Click the STORMO! Eagle to return to the Gallery
July, 2010
STORMO! © 2010

Construction:
This is a SM 82 of, 145° gruppo trasporti, 604a squadriglia, Lybia August 1941. This was the first aircraft of the first series .mm 60270. I built this kit  straight from the box .  I closed the ventral gun position turret . The camouflage was inspired from a  few photos in sequence.

Colours and Markings:
The camouflage consists of standard networks of small mottles scheme ( C1B - Variante di C1) in: Giallo Mimetico 1-3 ( humbrol 94);
Verde Mimetico 3 ( tamiya xf 61 )
Marrone Mimetico 1-2-53193 ( gunze xf 64)
Grigio Mimetico ( humbrol 166)

References:
- Mucchi editore – le macchine e la storia 1994 – Savoia Marchetti SM.82;
- Ali d’italia n.14 siai sm 82