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The Online Magazine of the Regia Aeronautica and the
Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana

 



Regia Aeronautica and ANR Colors

and Camouflage Schemes

Vince Tassone

Revised September 2006

  Color Reference Table

COLORE

COLOR

FS.595B

COLOURCOATS

POLLY SCALE ACRYLICS

HUMBROL

Alluminio

Aluminum

17178

ACRA 18

501990 Bright Silver

27001

Azzurro 11

Matt Blue

15056

-----

505340 Israel Early Camo. Blue (35053)

25

Bianco Avorio 5

Ivory White 5

33613

ACRA 17

505312 Ger. RLM 69 Light Tan (33695)

148

Bianco Neve 6

Snow White 6

37875

-----

505011 WHITE (RLM 21)

34

Bruno Mimetico

Camo Brown

30215

ACRA 13

505200 RUST

118

Giallo Cromo 7

Camo Yellow 7

33655

-----

505017 YELLOW (RLM 04)

69

Giallo Mimetico 1

Camo Yellow 1

33531

ACRA 01

-----

121

Giallo Mimetico 2

Camo Yellow 2

33481

ACRA 02

505292 IT. CAMO YELLOW 2

81

Giallo Mimetico 3

Camo Yellow 3

33434

ACRA 03

505294 IT. CAMO YELLOW 3

63

Giallo Mimetico 4

Camo Yellow 4

30266

ACRA 04

505260 BRITISH MIDDELSTONE

94

Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

Light Blue Gray 1

36307

ACRA 15

505290 IT. LT. BLUE GRAY

141

Grigio Azzurro Scuro 3

Dark Blue Gray 3

36118

ACRA 16

-----

79

Grigio Mimetico

Camo Grey

36231

ACRA 14

505242 FR. LT. BLUE GRAY

140

Marrone Mimetico 1

Camo Brown 1

30118

ACRA 11

-----

29

Marrone Mimetico 2

Camo Brown 2

30076

ACRA 12

505286 ITALIAN CAMO BRN 2

180

Marrone Mimetico 53193

Camo Brown 53193

30140

-----

505240 FR. EARTH BROWN

119

Nocciola Chiaro 4

Light Hazel 4

30219

ACRA 10

505284 ITALIAN HAZEL TAN 4

118

Rosso Bandiera 8

Flag Red 8

31105

-----

505020 RED (RLM 3)

19

Verde Anticorrosione

Anti-Corrosion Green

34272

-----

-----

78+34

Verde Bandiera 9

Flag Green 9

34062

-----

505200 GREEN (RLM 25)

3

Verde Mimetico 1

Camo Green 1

34258

ACRA 05

-----

102

Verde Mimetico 2

Camo Green 2

34092

ACRA 06

505246 RAAF K3/178 FOL. GRN.

149

Verde Mimetico 3

Camo Green 3

34102

ACRA 07

505390 US TAC MID-GREEN

86

Verde Mimetico 53192

Camo Green 53192

34227

ACRA 08

505288 IT. CAMO GRN

120

Verde Oliva Scuro 2

Dark Olive Green 2

34052

ACRA 09

505296 IT. DK. OLIVE GREEN 2

91



CONTENTS

  • Serie Mimetica : 1938 - 1941
  • Tavola 10 : 1941 - 1943
  • Naval Aircraft
  • Special Colors and Camouflage Schemes
  • Night Fighter Schemes
  • Foreign Built Aircraft
  • Aircraft Interiors
  • ANR Colors : 1944-1945
  • CMPR Color Chips
  • CMPR Camouflage Schemes : 1936-1943
  • Color Codes for Mechnical and Pneumatic Equipment
  • Directives
  • References

    TABLES
  • Table 1. Paint Suppliers and Aircraft Manufactures
  • Table 2. CMPR Color Chips
  • Table 3. CMPR Camouflage Chips
  • Table 4. Color Codes for Mechnical and Pneumatic Equipment

    This page provides reference material for the color and camouflage schemes of combat aircraft of the Regia Aeronautica (RA) and the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (ANR).

    Prewar Period : 1923 - 1938

    The Regia Aeronautica was formed as an independent service on March 23, 1923. From 1923 to about 1936, most Italian fighters of the prewar period such as the Fiat CR.32 were finished in alluminum (G2 Camo Scheme, Table 3) or silver dope (fabric covered aircraft). With the commencement of large scale warfare in Ethopia and Spain, the Regia Aeronautica began experiementing with complex camouflage schemes that incorporated between 1-5 differenet colors.  The war in Ethopia was characterized by complete aerial suprermacy and a distinctive radial red strip anti-camouflage scheme was adopted to help identify crashed aircraft. Colonial bombers such as the Ca.133 and SM.81 were painted Bianco Avorio (G1 Camo Scheme, Table 3), with contrasting red stripes applied to the top wings. In the Spanish Civil War, more complex camouflage schemes were adopted to conceal fighters, bombers and ground attack aircraft. Two and three tone camouflage schemes with hard edged and mottled schemes were common.

    Serie Mimetica : 1938 - 1941

    With the arrival of large scale warfare, the Regia Aeronautica began investigating the use of camouflage to conceal its aircraft, both in the air and on the ground. The beginnings of this process can be traced back to 1936 when an Italian air-theorist on the use of ground attack aircraft, Amedeo Mecozzi, first suggested the use of camouflage for low flying aircraft; to avoid being spotted and attacked by aircraft from above. The Regia Aeronautica accepted these suggestions and in the following year a series of colors, the so-called "Serie Mimetica" was adopted. These colors were applied to fighters, bombers and ground attack aircraft as large wavy hard-edged stripes (A-B Series Camo Chips, Table 3). Initially camouflage was only applied to the wing areas, however later, camouflage colors were also applied to the fuselage. The first colors of this scheme were Giallo (Yellow) Mimetico (Camouflage), Verde (Green) Mimetico and Marrone (Brown) Mimetico.

    The shades of these colors varied from one paint supplier to another and four yellows are known to have been used:

    Giallo Mimetico 1 FS 33531

    Giallo Mimetico 2 FS 33481

    Giallo Mimetico 3 FS 33434

    Giallo Mimetico 4 FS 30266

    The Verde (Green) colors were:

    Verde Mimetico 1 FS 34258

    Verde Mimetico 2 FS 34092

    Verde Mimetico 3 FS 34102

    The Marrone (Brown) colors were:

    Marrone Mimetico 1 FS 30118

    Marrone Mimetico 2 FS 30109

    Bruno (Dark Brown) Mimetico FS 30227

    Aside from these colors, two other shades were in common use:

    Verde Mimetico 53192 (FS 34227)

    Marrone Mimetico 53193 (FS 30140)

    These two colors are named after the the Arson SISI catalogue numbers because the actual chips of these paints were found enclosed to the original catalogue of the paint manufacturer, instead of found on preserved aircraft or parts. Thus the color of these two paints could be identified exactly.

    For aircraft under surfaces, Grigio Mimetico FS 36231 was the standard underside color from about 1937 up to 1941, although lower surfaces were sometimes left unpainted Aluminium, even till the early beginnings of WWII.

    The Regia Aeronautica had learnt from its experiences in the Spanish-Civil that a camouflage scheme with hard-edged, contrasting colors and a semi-gloss finish were only moderately successful. From 1937 the Regia Aeronautica adopted a new scheme which was formally put into effect through a directive issued by the DGCA (Direzione Generale delle Custuizioni Aeronautica) on 14.3.1938, Foglio D'Ordini n.8571, beginning with the aircraft of the "Aviazione Legionaria" (the Italian Volunteer Air Force in Spain), followed by subsequent production aircraft. The new camouflage scheme, the so-called "Honeycomb Camouflage Scheme" used existing colors, however, were now applied in a more complex, soft-edged mottling scheme (Schema C, see Table 3). It is important to note, at this time only the camouflage scheme was standardized and not the colors. The standardization of colors would only come later with the appearance of the Tavola X colors.  This of course led to interpretations of the three primary upper surface colors stipulated by the directive (Giallo Mimetico, Verde Mimetico and Marrone Mimetico) by each of the paint suppliers. It is interesting to point out, in each of the paint catalogues, the paint suppliers referred only to Giallo Mimetico, Verde Mimetico and Marrone Mimetico, not Giallo Mimetico 1, Giallo Mimetco 2, Giallo Mimetico 3 ... etc.  The index following the primary color (1, 2, 3 ...) corresponds to a modern means (CMPR Method) of identifying the origins of the color itself.   For example Giallo Mimetico 1 was produced by Inves, Giallo Mimetico 2 was produced by Masciadri while Giallo Mimetico 3 was produced by Arson-Sisi (Table 1).  Since Inves was a paint supplier to Fiat, Giallo Mimetico 1 appeared on the early mottle schemes of Fiat CR.32s and early G.50s together with Verde Mimetico 1 and Marrone Mimetico 1 (also produced by Inves).

    The basic application of the "Honeycomb Camouflage Scheme" varied with each of the aircraft manufacturers, the unit and in some cases with the individual aircraft. This scheme could use as a base color Giallo (Yellow) or a Verde (Green) over which a contrasting color mottle, was applied. The mottle might be applied in various shapes, proportions and sizes. Examples of these variations were a Giallo mottling painted over a Verde background or Verde Chiaro (Light Green) splotches over a Verde Scuro (Dark Green) or vice versa. The third color, Marrone Mimetico or Bruno Mimetico was added to the two basic colors. Finally instead of using Marrone as the third color, two Greens and a Yellow were sometimes used.

    As far as the "Honeycomb Camouflage Scheme" goes there were two basic types:

    • continuous mottling, usually Dark Green over a Yellow
    • sparse mottling, Yellow or Light Green over a Dark Green base and vice versa with, sometimes, a light mottling of Marrone or Bruno

    *Always cross check with photographs or specific references.

    In addition to the variations of the standard camouflage schemes, the choice of colors and the application of these paints varied with the aircraft manufactures, depending on the paint supplier (Table 1):

    • SIAI (e.g. Savoia Marchetti S.79 and SM 81) used Verde Mimetico 1, Giallo Mimetico 3 and Marrone Mimetico 3
    • Breda (Breda 65) used Giallo Mimetico 3, Verde Mimetico 3 and Bruno Mimetico with hard-edged, large sized mottles instead of the wavy bands used by other manufacturers
    • Breda (Breda 88):

      NOTE: Correction for the Warrior Model 1/48 Ba.88 Decal Instruction Sheet for aircraft of 7° Gruppo, 5° Stormo based at Castle Benito, Libya in 1940:

      Breda Ba.88s in North Africa did not have camouflage schemes with Niccola Chiaro and Verde Oliva Scuro mottles in Libya early 1940, nor did any plane wear the white band: this is confirmed by Notiziario Club Modellismo Plastico Ravenna number 2/2004, issue dedicated to Breda 88, page 11 and can have a further confirmation by the dedicated issue by Ali d'Italia; it is to be considered that the white band was introduced at the end of 1940 and that Nocciola Chiaro was introduced in the second half of 1941; the photo that appears in the CMPR-GAVS-GMT camouflage book at page 55 refers to a Breda 88 modificato (modified) (the wings were modified) and is dated summer '43. No modified Breda was flown in Africa.

      Notiziario CMPR 2/2004:

      Colori e Insegne
      La mimetica dei Breda 88 rilevabile dalle foto dellarchivio del Club è praticamente di un solo tipo ed è costituita sulle superfici superiori da piccole macchie in giallo mimetico 3 (probabile), abbastanza fitte e sfumate, su fondo verde mimetico 3 (probabile) e su quelle inferiori in grigio azzurro chiaro 1. Questo tipo di mimetica viene mantenuto anche sugli aerei inviati in Africa.

      Camouflage and Markings
      The Breda 88 camouflage as it appears in photos of the Club archive, is practically of an unique type and is constituted on the upper surfaces by small mottles in giallo mimetico 3 (probable) very close to one another and with no sharp edges, on a surface of verde mimetico 3 (probable) and on the lower surface by grigio azzurro chiaro 1. This kind of camouflage was maintained also on the planes sent to Africa.

      It is also noted that the corresponding Ba.88 profile contained in the reference : Dunning, C., "Courage Alone - The Italian Air Force 1940-1943", Hikoki, 1998, is also in error. Please use the following reference profile for North African Ba.88s [Tauro Models Decal Sheet TM 72/522]:



      Riccardo Trotta

    • FIAT, CMASA and CANSA used Giallo Mimetico 1, Verde Mimetico 1-53192 and Marrone Mimetico 1
      • FIAT used Giallo Mimetico 1, Verde Mimetico 1 and Marrone Mimetico 1 on early CR.32s and the first production batch of G.50s (enclosed cockpit)
      • FIAT used Giallo Mimetico 3, Verde Mimetico 3 and Marrone Mimetico 2 on later production G.50s and CR.42s
    • Caproni, Aeronautica Predappio used Marrone Mimetico 2, Verde Mimetico 3, Giallo Mimetico 3, Bruno Mimetico, Marrone Mimetico 53193 and Verde Mimetico 53192
    • IMAM used Giallo Mimetico 3, Verde Mimetico 3, Marrone Mimetico 2 and Bruno Mimetico
    • Macchi used Verde Mimetico 2, Verde Mimetico 53192, Giallo Mimetico 4 and Bruno Mimetico
      • Macchi used Bruno Mimetico, Giallo Mimetico 4 on Verde Mimetico 2 background on MC. 200s and early MC.202s
    • Piaggio used Giallo Mimetico 2, Verde Mimetico 2 , Marrone Mimetico 2 and Bruno Mimetico
    • Reggiane used Giallo Mimetico 3, Giallo Mimetico 4, Verde Mimetico 2, Marrone Mimetico 1 and Marrone Mimetico 2.
      • Reggiane used Marrone Mimetico 2, Verde Mimetico 1 on Giallo Mimetico 3 base on Re. 2000s

    Table 1. Paint Suppliers and Aircraft Manufactures

    Colori Mimetici

    Paint Supplier

    Aircraft Manufacturer

    Giallo Mimetico 1

    Inves

    FIAT

    Giallo Mimetico 2

    Masciadri

    Piaggio

    Giallo Mimetico 3

    Arson-Sisi

    Breda, Caproni, CRDA, FIAT, IMAM, SIAI

    Giallo Mimetico 4

    Max-Mayer

    Aermacchi, IMAM

    Verde Mimetico 1

    Inves

    FIAT

    Verde Mimetico 2

    Max-Mayer

    Aermacchi, Piaggio

    Verde Mimetico 3

    Masciadri

    Breda, Caproni, FIAT, IMAM

    Verde Mimetico 53192

    Arson-Sisi

    Breda, Caproni, CRDA, FIAT, SIAI

    Marrone Mimetico 1

    Inves

    FIAT, SIAI

    Marrone Mimetico 2

    Masciadri

    Caproni, FIAT, IMAM, Piaggio, SIAI

    Bruno Mimetico

    Arson-Sisi

    Breda, Caproni, CRDA, IMAM, Aermacchi, Piaggio

    Marrone Mimetico 53193

    Arson-Sisi

    CRDA, SIAI

    For undersurfaces all the aircraft manufacturers used Grigio Mimetico, although some aircraft remained unpainted Aluminum, especially prewar manufactured aircraft.

    It should be noted that these schemes were used in both the European and Northern Africa theatres of operation, although, background schemes with Giallo were more common.

    Tavola 10 : 1941 - 1943

    In 1941, the multitude of color variations in common use with the Regia Aeronautica led to another directive being issued to standardize around a simpler set of colors and camouflage schemes for combat aircraft, the so called Tavola 10 colors (D Series Camo Chips, Table 3). It is important to note here that both the color and camouflage schemes were now standardized at this time. The colors were standardized through the distribution of reference chips to the relevant paint suppliers.  The order prescribed that all camouflage colors be matte and that the separation line between the upper and lower surfaces be soft-edged. The new colors were:

    Nocciola Chiaro 4 FS 30219

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2 FS 34052

    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1 FS 36307

    The new standard camouflage scheme saw overall upper surfaces in Verde Oliva Scuro 2 with small splotches of Nocciola Chiaro for the North African theatre. European based aircraft were finished in the so called "Continential" scheme finished in a single color Verde Olive Scuro 2.   The directive stipulated the use of all old light colors be discontinued, namely the Light Yellows and Light Greens, as well as the use of Marrone Mimetico and Bruno Mimetico shades.

    The 1941 order also stipulated that all remaining stock supplies of the old colors be used-up entirely, both on the production lines and in repair shops which ensured that these colors would still be seen for some time after 1941. This situation continued till the Armistice with the exception of another directive issued in 1942, reversing the African Theatre scheme, now overall Nocciola Chiaro 4 upper surfaces with "small mottles" of Verde Oliva Scuro 2

    Other Notes:

    Macchi: African Theatre C 200s, C 202s and C 205s used the so-called "smoke rings" or the "amebae" scheme composed of Verde Oliva Scuro 2 over Nocciola Chiaro background.

    Naval Aircraft

    The Regia Aeronautica flying boats (e.g., Cant Z.501) and floatplanes began the war with an overall Aluminium scheme (the so-called "Allumina" varnish). Submerged parts of aircraft hulls were painted matt black. The pre-war high visibility Rosso Bandiera 8 FS 31105 Flag Red bands on the upper wing surfaces were deleted. The high visibility bands were designed to help find crashed aircraft in Ethiopia where fighter opposition was minimal or non-existent.

    At the beginning of WWII the white Cross of Savoy replaced the tricolor on the rudder over a Verde Mimetico background. The directive issued in 1941 required the upper surfaces of maritime aircraft be painted a Dark Blue-Grey ? Grigio Azzurro Scuro 3 FS 36118. This color better suited combat missions over the Mediterranean Sea.

    Special Colors and Camouflage Schemes

    On S.79s, during 1940, a new camouflage scheme appeared composed of "streaks" or large stripes of Marrone Mimetico 53193 with parallel stripes of Giallo Mimetico 3 (or Verde Mimetico 3) and Verde Mimetico 53192 (or Giallo Mimetico 3) (CMPR A3 - A4 Camo Schemes, Table 3). This camouflage scheme was also composed of regular and faded bands in Giallo Mimetico 3, Marrone Mimetico 53193 and Verde Mimetico 53192.

    Other distinct schemes existed, mostly applied in the field and were generally found on torpedo bombers such as the S.79. An example was a background in Giallo Mimetico with large splotches of Verde Mimetico 2 or 3, Verde Mimetico 1 or Verde Mimetico 53192 or, later, a camouflage with uniform Verde Oliva Scuro 2 background with small mottles of Grigio Azzurro Chiaro (CMPR E8 Camo Scheme, Table 3). To enhance further the effect of camouflage on low flying torpedo bombers, especially on the final runs before launching torpedoes, the front parts of the nose and wings were painted Grigio Azzurro Chiaro.

    Night Fighter Schemes

    The night fighters were usually painted overall matt black and the white national insignias being painted over with matt black (with the exception, sometimes, of the Cross of Savoy located on the rudder). Please click the following link regarding Fiat CR.42 CN Night Fighter Schemes.

    Night bombers had their lower and side surfaces painted matt black while the upper surfaces remained in the original factory camouflage colors (especially when Verde Oliva Scuro 2 was used on S.79 III). As with fighters, the white fuselage band was often painted over.

    Foreign Built Aircraft

    In most cases captured aircraft were left in their original colors with the deletion of national insignias. Colors were sometimes replaced with Italian camouflage colors, usually Grigio Mimetico or Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1, depending on the period, for lower surfaces and Verde Mimetico 2 or Verde Oliva Scuro 2 on the upper surfaces.

    Its not certain the three Bf 110Cs and some of the Do 217Js supplied to the RA were painted with an overall Black scheme, while the Fi. 156s were all Verde Mimetico 2 on the upper surfaces except for a single known aircraft in North African camouflage scheme.

    The matter is somewhat more complicated as far as the Bf 109 F and G is concerned. Alongside the tropical Luftwaffe scheme, some aircraft were repainted, in the field with Italian camouflage colors. The ANR left their 109Gs and Ks painted in Luftwaffe camouflage schemes and colors RLM 74/75/76 or RLM 76/80/83. However, on these aircraft the Swastika and German cross were replaced by ANR fasces on the wings and an Italian flag painted on both sides of the front fuselage next to the painted-over German cross.

    Captured French aircraft were left in their original colors with national insignias painted over with a Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1. Vichy French aircraft were treated similarly.

    Aircraft Interiors

    Most Italian WW II aircraft interiors were painted in Verde Anticorrosione FS 34272 although many variations in interior colors existed, depending on the paint supplier. On Reggiane fighters for example, interior parts had a more grayish tone (e.g., Re. 2000 and Re.2002 FS 34227) while other aircraft, the shade was slighlty more green, similar to FS 34230.

    There are some important exceptions, for example on SIAI multi-engine aircraft, namely the S.79, the interiors of these aircraft were painted in a Grey similar to Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1.

    NOTE: Regarding Fiat G.50 Interiors (Riccardo Trotta):
    "? in the magazine Aerofan 1/1981 there is an article which reports some parts of the official book "Istruzioni e norme per il montaggio, la regolazione e la manutenzione" C.A. 381 referring to the Fiat G50 2° series CMASA, May 1940 (practically a maintenance manual) so before the issue of Tavola 10, and about the internal side of the fuselage, it says " Tutte le parti interne della fusoliera sono verniciate con vernice antiruggine grigia" ... the translation is: "All the internal fuselage parts are painted with grey anticorrosion painting"; I don't know if this grey is the same as Grigio Azzurro Chiaro, but it is surely a grey" 

    Following the directive issued in 1941, the standardization of the Tavola 10 colors that took full-affect in 1942, aircraft internals of new or refurbished aircraft were to be finished in Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1. This does not suggest an anticorrision paint was not applied to aircraft internals but that the internals were to be finished in Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1, ie., painting over the anticorrison color with Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1. Since many aircraft such as the MC. 200 and MC. 202 were manufactured before and after 1942, the modeler should determine, through the aircraft serial number (Matricole Militare MM) or the date of operations, when the aircraft was constructed and to apply the appropriate internal color.

    ANR Colors : 1944-1945

    The post Armistice Italian Air force situated in Northern Italy used three main types of fighter aircraft, the Fiat G.55, the Macchi 205V and the Bf.109.  The Reggiane Re.2005 had also been employed in small numbers.  The color and camouflage schemes of these aircraft (except for the Re.2005 VOS2) followed closely the Luftwaffe schemes of the period RLM 74/75/76 and RLM 80/83/76. German markings such as the Balkan cross and swastika were generally oversprayed with Grigio Azzuro Chiaro 1 on aircraft supplied to the ANR from German inventories in 1944 and early 1945. However, later in 1945, the German Balkan crosses could be seen on Bf.109 fuselages and underside wing areas. Transport aircraft and bombers also followed closely the German camouflage schemes and were commonly finished in a solid color Verde Oliva Scuro 2.

    CMPR Color Chips

    Table 2. CMPR Color Chips [1]

    Click the image to enlarge

    CMPR Camouflage Schemes : 1936-1943

    How to Read Table 3: Next to each camouflage chip is a list of the corresponding colors. The first color corresponds to the base color followed by the first mottle color, the second mottle color and finally the underside color, e.g., C1 Scheme:

    Giallo Mimetico 1-2-3-4 Base Color
    Verde Mimetico 2-3-53192 Mottle Color 1
    Marrone Mimetico 2-3-53193 or Bruno Mimetico Mottle Color 2
    Grigio Mimetico Undersurface Color

    Table 3. CMPR Camouflage Chips [Postiglioni, U. and Degl'Innocenti, A., Colori e Schemi Mimetici Della Regia Aeronautica, II Edizione, CMPR, GAVS sez Roma, GMT, 2a Ristampa, 1997]

    Camouflage Chip

    Index

    Colors

    Use

    Description/Notes

    A1

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico or Alluminio

    SM.79

    Schema tipico a bande, 1936

    A1A

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico or Alluminio

    SM.81

    Schema tipico a bande, 1937

    A1B

    Giallo Mimetico 1
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico 1
    Grigio Mimetico or Alluminio

    CR.32

    Schema tipico a bande, 1936

    A2

    Giallo Mimetico 1
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ro.37

    Schema tipico a bande, 1936

    A2A

    Giallo Mimetico 1
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ro.37bis

    Schema tipico a bande, 1937

    SCHEMA A - BANDE TRASVERSALI VERDE-MARRONE-GIALLO (3 Tone Transversal Banded Schemes) 

    A3

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 53193
    Grigio Mimetico

    S.79
    SM.81

    Schema A bande trasversali di tre colori a bordi sfumati, circa 1940

    A3A

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Marrone Mimetico 53193

    SM.79
    S.82

    Variant du A3, circa 1940

    A4

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 53193

    SM.79
    S.82

    Schema A bande trasversali di tre colori, di cui uno minoritario, a bordi sfumati,  circa 1940

    A5

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Marrone Mimetico 53193

    CANT Z.1007

    Schema A bande trasversali, estese di tre colori a bordi molto sfumati 

    SCHEMA B - GROSSO CHIAZZE POLYCROME (Large Mottles of Light Camouflage Colors) 

    B1

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Bruno Mimetico
    Alluminio or Grigio Mimetico

    Ba.64
    Ba.65

    Schema a grosse chiazze di tre colori dai bordi netti

    B2

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Alluminio or Grigio Mimetico

    Ba.64
    Ba.65

    Schema a grosse chiazze di quattro o cinque colori dai bordi netti

    SCHEMA C - A RETICOLO A MACCHIE RADE (Networks of Small Mottles) 

    C1

    Giallo Mimetico 1-2-3-4
    Verde Mimetico 2-3-53192
    Marrone Mimetico 2-3-53193 or Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.32
    CR.42
    G.50
    Ro.37
    SM.79

    Macchie Rade Verdi e Marrone Mimetico su fondo Giallo Mimetico

    C1A

    Giallo Mimetico 1-3
    Verde Mimetico 3-53192
    Marrone Mimetico 1-2
    Grigio Mimetico or Alluminio

    CR.42

    Variante di C1

    C1B

    Giallo Mimetico 1-3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 1-2-53193
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.25
    G.12
    SM.82

    Variante di C1

    C1C

    Giallo Mimetico
    Verde Mimetico
    Marrone Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    MC.200

    Variante di C1

    C2

    Giallo Mimetico 3-4
    Verde Mimetico 1-2-3-52192
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.32
    CR.42
    BR.20
    FN.305
    G.50
    Ca.310-311
    BR.20
    MC.200-202
    SM.81

    Macchie Rade Verdi su Fondo Giallo Mimetico

    C2A

    Giallo Mimetico 3-4
    Verde Mimetico 1-2-3-53192
    Grigio Mimetico

    SM.79
    SM.81
    Ca.310-311

    Variante di C2

    C2B

    Giallo Mimetico 3-4
    Verde Mimetico 1-2-3-53192
    Grigio Mimetico

    MC.202

    Variante di C2

    C3

    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Verde Mimetico 2-3
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.42
    BR.20
    G.50
    SM.79
    Ba.65
    Ba.88

    Reticolo di Macchie Rade Verde Mimetico su altro Verde Mimetico

    C3A

    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Grigio Mimetico

    G.50

    Variante di C3

    C3B

    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Grigio Mimetico

    SM.79

    Variante di C3

    C4

    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico

    C.200

    Macchie Continue Verde Mimetico su fondo Verde piu Chiaro

    C5

    Verde Mimetico 2-3
    Giallo Mimetico 3-4
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ca.133
    Ba.88
    SM.79
    SM.81

    Macchie rade Giallo Mimetico su fondo Verde Mimetico

    C6

    Bruno Mimetico
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ca.133
    Ba.88

    Macchie Verdi su fondo Marrone

    C7

    Verde Mimetico 53192
    Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico or Alluminio

    Ba.88

    Macchie rade Marrone Mimetico su fondo Verde Mimetico

    C8

    Verde Mimetico 2
    Giallo Mimetico 4
    Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    MC.200-202

    Macchie rade Giallo e Marrone Mimetico su fondo Verde Mimetico

    C9

    Giallo Mimetico 2
    Verde Mimetico 2-3
    Verde Mimetico 1-53192
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    SM.79

    Macchie rade Verde Chiaro e Verde Scuro su fondo Giallo Mimetico

    C10

    Giallo Mimetico 2-3
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Bruno Mimetico or Marrone Mimetico 53193
    Grigio Mimetico

    P.108

    Macchie continue Verde e Marrone Mimetico su fondo Giallo Mimetico

    C10A

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 53193
    Grigio Mimetico

    CANT Z.1007

    Variante do C10 (Policiclica)

    C10B

    Giallo Mimetico 3-4
    Verde Mimetico 3-53192
    Marrone Mimetico 2-53193 or Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ro.37
    SM.79
    SM.82
    SM.84

    Variante di C10

    C11

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Grigio Mimetico

    CANT Z.1007

    Macchie continue Verde Mimetico su fondo Giallo Mimetico (Policiclica)

    C11A

    Giallo Mimetico 4
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico

    MC.200

    Variante di C11

    SCHEMA D - MIMETICA COLOINALE E TIPO AS (Italian Colonies and North African Schemes) 

    D1

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.200-202

    Macchie rade Nocciola su fondo Verde

    D1A

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    G.50-55
    CR.42

    Variante di D1

    D1B

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.200

    Variante di D1

    D2

    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.200-202
    Ba.65
    Ba.88

    Macchie Verde su fondo Nocciola

    D2B

    Giallo Mimetico 3 or Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Verde Mimetcio 2-3 or Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Mimetico or Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.202

    Variante di D2

    D2C

    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.202

    Variante di D2

    D3

    Nocciola Chiaro 4
    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    MC.200-202-205
    CR.42

    Anelli irregolare Verdi su fondo Nocciola

    SCHEMA E - MIMETICHE PARTICULARE (Specific Camouflage Schemes) 

    E1

    Giallo Mimetico 2
    Verde Mimetico 1
    Marrone Mimetico

    SM.81

    Bande Giallo - Verde - Marrone con Sovrasposte macchie di colore contrastante

    E2

    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1
    Azzurro 11

    SM.84

    Macchie sfumate Azzurro su fondo Grigio (Schema Non Confermato)

    E3

    Giallo Mimetico 1-2
    Verde Mimetico 1-3
    Marrone Mimetico 1 or Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.32

    Filamenti sfumati ad andamento irregolare Verde e Marrone su fondo Giallo

    E4

    Giallo Mimetico 2
    Verde Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico

    CR.32

    Variante di E3

    E5

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 3 or 53192
    Marrone Mimetico 2 or Bruno Mimetico
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ca.164

    Filamenti sfumati fitti ed oblique ad andamento regolare Verde e Marrone mimetico su fondo Giallo

    E6

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Marrone Mimetico 53193
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico

    SM.75

    Grosso Macchie Marrone e Verde mimetico su fondo Giallo

    E7

    Giallo Mimetico 3
    Verde Mimetico 2
    Grigio Mimetico

    Ca.309

    Bande trasversali fitte di due colori a bordi sfumati

    E8

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    SM.79

    Macchie rade Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1 su fondo Verde Scuro

    SCHEMA F - MIMETICHE UNIFORMI (Uniform Camouflage Schemes) 

    F1

    Verde Oliva Scuro 2
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    Tutti i velivoli della RA dal 1942 al 1943

    Continentale Uniforme

    F2

    Grigio Azzurro Scuro 3
    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    ---

    Continentale Uniforme per idrovolanti

    F3

    Grigio Azzurro Chiaro 1

    S.200-202
    S.79
    S.84
    Re.2000-2001

    Uniforme per aerei da addestramento, collegamento, siluranti, caccia imbarcati

    F4

    Nero Opaco

    CR.42
    Re.2001
    P.108

    Uniforme per caccia e bombardieri notturni

    SCHEMA G - COLORAZIONI UNIFORMI (Uniform Colors) 

    G1

    Bianco Avorio 5

    ---

    Uniforme per aerei da trasporto e ricognizione coloniali ed aerei da addestramento

    G2

    Alluminio

    ---

    Uniforme per tutti gli aerei fino al 1936

    G3

    Bianco Neve 6

    ---

    Uniforme per tutti sanitari e socorso

    G4

    Rosso 8

    ---

    Colorazioni Particolari


    Color Codes for Mechnical and Pneumatic Equipment

    Table 4. Color Codes for Mechnical and Pneumatic Equipment *
    Lines Color
    Fuel Yellow
    Coolant Bright Green
    Lubricant (Oil) Rust Brown
    Exhaust (Heating Ducting) Black
    Fire Control Red
    Oxygen White
    Air Sky Blue
    *Color codes kindly provided by Peter Gilding


  • Directives
    1. Transparent Wing Fasci - Fo 86080 29 Ottobre 1941
    This directive stipulated the use of a transparent background for fasci located on the upper and lower wings of all combat aircraft beginning 28 October 1941:


    Ref. Directive first published by Pierluigi Moncalvo in Gruppo Interesse Speciale Regia Aeronautica Bullettin of IPMS Italy. Kindly provided by Ing. R. Trotta.

    References

    [1] Postiglioni, U. and Degl'Innocenti, A., Colori e Schemi Mimetici Della Regia Aeronautica, I Edizione, CMPR, 1a Ristampa, 1977.

    [2] Postiglioni, U. and Degl'Innocenti, A., Colori e Schemi Mimetici Della Regia Aeronautica, II Edizione, CMPR, GAVS sez Roma, GMT, 2a Ristampa, 1997.

    [3] Galvan, G. and François, P., Regia Aeronautica Colors and Camouflage Schemes, Eagle Press.

    [4] Waldis, P. and De Bortoli, M., Colori & Insegne, Regia Aeronautica Caccia & Assalto 1940-1943 Parte I, Fighters & Ground Attack Units, La Bancarella Aeronautica, Torino, 2002.



     
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